Treatment Courts

The Probation & Parole Division participates in and actively supports treatment courts across the State of Idaho. District personnel are dedicated specifically to investigation, supervision and assessment of individuals involved in a treatment court. Defendants have the opportunity to have their criminal charge withheld and dismissed on successful completion of the program.

Mental Health Courts

Mental Health Courts hear criminal cases related to nonviolent offenses committed by people who are mentally ill and have a drug or alcohol problem. The courts' goal is to treat the underlying mental illness to prevent continued criminal behaviors.

IDOC Probation & Parole officers supervise Mental Health Court participants to make sure they are following their treatment plan and obeying the law. The supervision typically includes home and office visits, employment checks and random drug testing. Participants are also expected to pay all fines, fees and restitution, and meet with mental health providers and other treatment professionals, as required by the court.

Probation and Parole officers are part of a team that includes mental health and substance abuse treatment specialists, Idaho Department of Health and Welfare caseworkers and Mental Health Court staff members. Participants are required to make frequent court appearances to review their progress with a judge.

There are 10 Mental Health Courts in Idaho.  Participants must submit an application, meet specific criteria, and be accepted by the Mental Health Court team. Incentives and sanctions are utilized throughout the participant's experience.

Drug Courts

Drug Courts hear criminal cases related to nonviolent offenses committed by defendants who meet clinical criteria for a substance use disorder.

On enrollment in a Drug Court, participants must attend regular counseling sessions and educational classes, complete reading and writing assignments and submit to frequent drug testing. An IDOC Probation and Parole officer monitors participant progress and reports findings to the court. Monitoring may include virtual visits, home visits, telephone contacts, urinalysis testing and contacts with employers, family or friends. The judge closely reviews the officer's report with the participant and multi-disciplinary team during regular court appearances.

Drug Courts use a system of incentives and escalating sanctions which include educational assignments, community service and jail time. Conversely, as participants demonstrate progress and build sober community supports, treatment and supervision is lessened. Eventually, the participant graduates from the program and is released from supervision. Most Drug Court programs last 12-24 months.

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